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人民珠江 ›› 2021, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (12): 63-69.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-9235.2021.12.008

• 粤港澳大湾区水安全保障专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

澳门特别行政区海域规划现存问题与科学展望

杨晶1, 税兵2, 倪明选3   

  1. 1.澳门大学智慧城市物联网国家重点实验室,澳门;
    2.澳门大学法学院,澳门;
    3.香港科技大学(广州)(筹),广东 广州 511458
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-22 出版日期:2021-12-25 发布日期:2021-12-28
  • 作者简介:杨晶,女,主要从事智慧城市规划、海域规划方面的研究。E-mail:jingyang@um.edu.mo

Retrospect and Prospect of Existing Problems and Scientific Planning in Macau Marine Space

YANG Jing1, SHUI Bing2, NI Mingxuan3   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Internet of Things for Smart City,University of Macau,Macau SAR,China;
    2. Faculty of Law,University of Macau,Macau SAR,China;
    3. The HongKong University of Science and Technology(GuangZhou),Guangzhou 511458,China
  • Received:2021-07-22 Online:2021-12-25 Published:2021-12-28

摘要: 澳门特别行政区地处珠江出口,属于典型的滩涂地,从1840年的2.78 km2扩充至现时超过32 km2土地,均由填海而来,是世界上填海造陆比例最高的区域之一。通过回溯澳门特别行政区填海造地历史,审视水域水质现状,挖掘海域发展的现存问题,提出了需统一设立主管的行政架构,加强排污管制,改善雨污分流处理和排放能力,建立排污许可制度,促进区域法制合作及联动执法,构建数据平台,实现多方数据融合等措施,以实现海域预先规划、问题科学决策,从而达至向海而生,提高澳门特别行政区防洪防潮的抗灾能力,更好地服务澳门特别行政区海域发展及多元化经济建设的目的。

关键词: 海域规划, 行政架构, 法律法规, 数据采集, 澳门特别行政区

Abstract: The Macao Special Administrative Region is located at the outlet of the Pearl River.It is a typical beach land.It has expanded from 2.78 km2 in 1840 to more than 32 km2 at present.All the land is reclaimed from the sea.It is one of the regions with the highest proportion of land reclamation in the world.By reviewing the history of land reclamation in Macao Special Administrative Region,examining the current situation of water quality and excavating the existing problems of sea area development,this paper puts forward that it is necessary to establish a unified administrative structure in charge,strengthen pollution control,improve rain and sewage diversion treatment and discharge capacity,establish a pollution discharge permit system,promote regional legal cooperation and linkage law enforcement,and build a data platform.To achieve multi-party data fusion and other measures,so as to realize the advance planning of the sea area and scientific decision-making,so as to generate into the sea,improve the disaster resistance capacity of flood control and moisture-proof in the Macao Special Administrative Region,and better serve the development of the sea area and diversified economic construction of the Macao Special Administrative Region.

Key words: marine spatial planning, administrative frame work, laws and regulations, data acquisition, Macao Special Administrative Region

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