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人民珠江 ›› 2021, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (3): 17-23.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-9235.2021.03.003

• 珠江撷英 • 上一篇    下一篇

茅洲河口可能最大台风暴潮研究

蒋自胜1, 王其松2,3   

  1. 1.中电建生态环境集团有限公司,广东 深圳 518102;
    2.水利部珠江河口治理与保护重点实验室,广东 广州 510611;
    3.珠江水利委员会珠江水利科学研究院,广东 广州 510611
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-28 发布日期:2021-04-02
  • 通讯作者: 王其松,男,主要从事河口海岸动力研究。E-mail:wqisong@126.com
  • 作者简介:蒋自胜,男,主要从事城市河湖水环境治理研究。E-mail:jiangzs-shj@powerchina.cn
  • 基金资助:
    广州市科技计划项目(201904010335);湖南省重点实验室开放基金(2020SS02)

Study on Probable Maximum Typhoon Storm Surge in Maozhou Estuary

JIANG Zisheng1, WANG Qisong2, 3   

  1. 1. PowerChina Eco-environmental Group Co.,Ltd.,Shenzhen 518102,China;    
    2. Key Laboratory of the Pearl River Estuarine Dynamics and Associated Process Regulation,Ministry of Water Resources, Guangzhou 510611,China;    
    3. Pearl River Water Resources Research Institute,Pearl River Water Resources Commission,Guangzhou 510611,China
  • Received:2020-09-28 Published:2021-04-02

摘要: 在统计分析对茅洲河口影响较大的风暴潮特征基础上,利用华南近岸ADCIRC风暴潮模型和捷氏风压模式构建了茅洲河口台风暴潮数学模型,并利用3个典型月和10次典型台风对模型进行了参数率定和验证。通过设计不同的台风中心气压、移动速度、最大风速半径、台风路径参数组合,计算得到台风在澳门登陆、行进方向为340°时为可能最大台风风暴潮,并模拟了可能最大风暴潮下茅洲河口的增水过程。计算结果可为茅洲河口工程建设风暴潮防灾减灾提供参考与依据。

关键词: 台风风暴潮, 最大可能台风, 数值模拟, 茅洲河口

Abstract: Based on the analysis of the statistical characteristics of storm surges which have a great impact on the Maozhou estuary,this paper constructs a typhoon storm surge model based on ADCIRC storm surge model and jetsner wind pressure model,calibrates and verifies the parameters of the model through three typical months and ten typical typhoons,calculates the probable maximum typhoon storm surge when the typhoon lands in Macau with the heading direction of 340° by designing different parameter combinations among typhoon center pressure,moving speed,maximum wind speed radius and typhoon path,and simulates the water augmentation process of Maozhou estuary under the probable maximum storm surge.The calculation results can provide a reference for storm surge prevention and mitigation in Maozhou estuary engineering construction.

Key words: typhoon storm surge, probable maximum typhoon, numerical simulation, Maozhou estuary

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